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Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) Immunity Test

$124
Sample Type:
Blood
Collection Method:Visit a LabCorp Location
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella—Discover if you're protected from all three. 

The measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles) are three very highly contagious viral diseases that can lead to serious health concerns.

Measles

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a highly contagious viral infection, which can be spread in the air or by coming into contact with someone infected.  The first sign of the measles is a high fever. It can take anywhere from seven to 14 days for those infected with the virus to experience any symptoms. Besides fever, other symptoms that typically occur include1:

•    Dry cough, runny nose, sore throat, and red eyes
•    Rash of tiny, red spots that start at the head and spread to the rest of the body
•    Diarrhea

Measles can cause life-threatening complications and be especially dangerous for young children or those with compromised immunity.1 It's important to understand that those infected with the virus can be contagious before experiencing any symptoms themselves.

 

Mumps

Mumps is a viral infection of the salivary glands and usually causes swelling in glands below the ears, causing the cheeks to look more pronounced (chipmunk cheeks). Other signs and symptoms include6:

•    Pain while chewing or swallowing
•    Fever
•    Headache
•    Muscle aches
•    Weakness and fatigue
•    Loss of appetite

Before the MMR vaccine, mumps was the most common cause of both meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) and acquired deafness in the U.S. In men, mumps can infect the testicles, which can lead to infertility.

Some vaccinated people may still get mumps if they are exposed to the virus. However, disease symptoms are milder in vaccinated people.5

Rubella 

Rubella, also known as German measles, can cause a mild rash on the face and swelling of glands behind the ears. Other symptoms that may occur 1 to 5 days before the rash appears include7:

•    a low-grade fever
•    headache
•    mild pink eye (redness or swelling of the white of the eye)
•    general discomfort
•    swollen and enlarged lymph nodes
•    cough
•    runny nose

Most adults who get rubella have a mild illness. However, rubella can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects in a developing baby if a woman is infected while she is pregnant.8

Are You Immune?

Fortunately, the measles is preventable by having immunity developed from either vaccination or having had measles previously. If you have received the standard two doses of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine after 1967, you should be protected against the measles for life.4 Having written documentation of having received adequate vaccination is considered acceptable evidence of immunity.

Individuals Born Before 1957 or Immunized Before 1967

Most people born before 1957 are thought to have been infected naturally with the virus through measles outbreaks. Vaccines administered between 1963-1967 may or may not be effective depending on what version was received.

If you were vaccinated in the 1960's, you might need to receive a “live" vaccination since "killed" versions of the vaccine given out during that time were deemed ineffective.2 If you have documentation of having received a live vaccine, you do not need to be revaccinated.5

This test can be used to confirm immunity for measles, mumps, and rubella developed either by previous exposure or vaccination. 
 

Preparation

No special preparation.

What's Included

Measles (Rubeola) Antibodies, IgG:

produced by the immune system in response to a prior or current case of measles or vaccination.

Mumps Antibodies, IgG:

produced by the immune system in response to a prior or current case of mumps or vaccination.

Rubella Antibodies, IgG:

produced by the immune system after the period of initial exposure, in response to a prior or current case of rubella or vaccination.

Why Consider This Test

Outbreaks on the Rise

The CDC has confirmed more than 1,000 individual cases of measles this year (January to July 2019), the highest increase of reported measles cases in the U.S. since 1992.3 

Born before 1957 or
Immunized before 1967

Most people born before 1957 are thought to have been infected naturally with the measles; however, some are not immune. Vaccines administered between 1963-1967 may or may not be effective depending on what version was received.2 

Woman of Child-Bearing Age

All three viruses may increase the risks of complications to the fetus during pregnancy.4

References

  1. “Measles Fact Sheet for Parents | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/diseases/child/measles.html.
  2. “MMR Vaccination | What You Should Know | Measles, Mumps, Rubella | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/mmr/public/index.html.
  3. “Measles Cases and Outbreaks | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/measles/cases-outbreaks.html.
  4. “Measles | For Healthcare Professionals | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/measles/hcp/index.html.
  5. “Mumps | Home | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/mumps/.
  6. “Mumps | Signs and Symptoms | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/mumps/about/signs-symptoms.html.
  7. “Rubella | Signs and Symptoms | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/rubella/about/symptoms.html.
  8. “Rubella | German Measles | Home | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/rubella/index.html.
  9. “Questions About Measles | CDC.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/measles/about/faqs.html.

How To Get This Test

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2. Provide Your Sample

Take the requisition number we emailed you, along with a photo ID, to a LabCorp location for sample collection.

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3. Access your results online

View your easy-to-read results online in your Pixel by LabCorp account. For certain results that require prompt attention, you will also be contacted by phone or mail.

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Getting My Results

We've made getting your results easier and more convenient than ever. View your easy-to-read results online in your Pixel by LabCorp account. For certain results that require prompt attention, you will also be contacted by phone or mail. To view a sample report click the "sample report" button below.

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